Invasion History

First Non-native North American Tidal Record: 1895
First Non-native West Coast Tidal Record:
First Non-native East/Gulf Coast Tidal Record: 1895

General Invasion History:

North American Invasion History:

Invasion History on the West Coast:

Invasion History on the East Coast:

Invasion History on the Gulf Coast:

Invasion History in Hawaii:

Invasion History Elsewhere in the World:


Description


Taxonomy

Taxonomic Tree

Kingdom:   Plantae
Phylum:   Chlorophycota
Class:   Chlorophyceae
Order:   Bryopsidales
Family:   Udoteaceae
Genus:   Halimeda
Species:   opuntia

Synonyms

Potentially Misidentified Species

Ecology

General:

'covering sediemnt in sandy areas of lagoon' (Kaplan 1988)

Consumers:

Fishes; sea urchins

Trophic Status:

Primary Producer

PrimProd

Habitats

General HabitatRockyNone
General HabitatCoral reefNone
General HabitatUnstructured BottomNone
Salinity RangePolyhaline18-30 PSU
Salinity RangeEuhaline30-40 PSU
Tidal RangeSubtidalNone
Tidal RangeLow IntertidalNone
Vertical HabitatEpibenthicNone

Life History


Tolerances and Life History Parameters

Broad Temperature RangeNoneSubtropical-Tropical
Broad Salinity RangeNoneEuhaline

General Impacts


Regional Impacts

CAR-IIINoneEcological ImpactCompetition
Halimeda opuntia can adversely affect coral recruitment by attracting large numbers of settling coral planulae, which do not survive after settlement (Nugues and Szmant 2006).
CAR-IIINoneEcological ImpactHabitat Change
Halimeda opuntia can adversely affect coral recruitment by attracting large numbers of settling coral planulae, which do not survive after settlement (Nugues and Szmant 2006).
CAR-IIINoneEcological ImpactParasitism
Halimeda opuntia acts as a parasite reservoir by providing a reservoir for coral pathogens, such as the bacterium Aurantimonas coralicida which causes the White Plague II disease, which kills the dominant coral Montastraea faveolata (Nugues et al. 2004)
CAR-IVNoneEcological ImpactCompetition
Coral reefs in a marine protected area at St. Johns, US Virgin Islands, showed a trend of decreasing coral cover and increasing macroalgal cover. On one occasion, in 1998, Halimeda so. (presumably H. opuntia was the dominant species- at most other times it was the brown alga Dictyota sp.. (Edmunds 2002).
CAR-IVNoneEcological ImpactHabitat Change
Coral reefs in a marine protected area at St. Johns, US Virgin Islands, showed a trend of decreasing coral cover and increasing macroalgal cover. On one occasion, in 1998, Halimeda so. (presumably H. opuntia was the dominant species- at most other times it was the brown alga Dictyota sp.. (Edmunds 2002).
CAR-IINoneEcological ImpactCompetition
Following a die-off of the sea urchin Diadema, and overfishing of herbivorus fishes, coral reefs around Jamaica, were overgrown by macroalgae, including Halimeda, presumably H. opuntia. The macroalgal cover prevented recruitment by coral larvae (Hughes 1994).
CAR-IINoneEcological ImpactHabitat Change
Following a die-off of the sea urchin Diadema, and overfishing of herbivorus fishes, coral reefs around Jamaica, were overgrown by macroalgae, including Halimeda, presumably H. opuntia. The macroalgal cover prevented recruitment by coral larvae (Hughes 1994).

Regional Distribution Map

Bioregion Region Name Year Invasion Status Population Status
SP-I None 0 Native Estab
EAS-III None 0 Native Estab
S200 Biscayne Bay 1895 Def Estab
SP-XXI None 0 Native Estab
SP-XVI None 0 Native Estab
SP-VIII None 0 Native Estab
SP-III None 0 Native Estab
SP-XIII None 0 Native Estab
SP-XII None 0 Native Estab
AUS-XIII None 0 Native Estab
AUS-XII None 0 Native Estab
NEP-VIII None 0 Native Estab
NEP-VI Pt. Conception to Southern Baja California 1930 Native Estab
SP-VII None 0 Native Estab
EAS-I None 0 Native Estab
EAS-VI None 0 Native Estab
SA-IV None 0 Def Estab
EA-V None 0 Native Estab
EA-III None 0 Native Estab
EA-IV None 0 Native Estab
EA-II None 0 Native Estab
GA None 0 Native Estab
CIO-VI None 0 Native Estab
CIO-V None 0 Native Estab
CIO-II None 0 Native Estab
SA-II None 0 Def Estab
SA-III None 1915 Def Estab
CAR-II None 1700 Def Estab
CAR-III None 1917 Def Estab
CAR-IV None 0 Def Estab
CAR-V None 0 Def Estab
CAR-I Northern Yucatan, Gulf of Mexico, Florida Straits, to Middle Eastern Florida 1895 Def Estab
CIO-III None 0 Native Estab
S206 _CDA_S206 (Vero Beach) 1928 Def Estab
EAS-IV None 0 Native Estab
SP-XI None 0 Native Estab
PAN_CAR Panama Caribbean Coast 0 Def Estab
NWP-2 None 0 Native Estab
SP-IX None 0 Native Estab
AUS-I None 0 Native Estab
SP-IV None 0 Prb Estab
AUS-II None 0 Native Estab
RS-1 None 0 Native Estab
CIO-I None 0 Native Estab
EAS-II None 0 Native Estab
NEP-VII None 0 Native Estab
SP-III None 0 Native Estab
RS-3 None 0 Native Estab
NWP-4a None 0 Prb Estab
RS-2 None 0 Native Estab
NEP-IX None 0 Native Estab

Occurrence Map

OCC_ID Author Year Date Locality Status Latitude Longitude

References

Bandeira-Pedrosa, Maria Elizabeth; Pereira, Sonia M.B.; Oliveira, Eurico C. (2004) Taxonomy and distribution of the green algal genus Halimeda (Bryopsidales, Chlorophyta) in Brazil., Revista Brasileira de Botânica 22(2): 363-377

Cocentino, Adilma de Lourdes Montenegro and 5 authors (2020) Diversity and distribution Patterns of the infralittoral green macroalgae from Potiguar basin, Rio Grande do Norte, Northeastern Brazil Adilma de Lourdes Montenegro Cocentino1,4, Mutue Toyota Fujii2, Thiago Nogueira de Vasconcelos Reis1, Acta Botanica Brasilica 24(4): 986-996

Edmunds, Peter J. (2002) Long-term dynamics of coral reefs in St. John, US Virgin Islands, Coral Reefs 21: 357-367

2004-2021 AlgaeBase. National University of Ireland Galway--http://algaebase.org

Hughes, Terrence P. (1994) Catastrophe, phase shifts, and large-scale degradation of a Caribbean coral reef, Science 265(5178): 1547-1551

Kaplan, Eugene H. (1988) A Field Gude to Southeastern and Caribbean Seashores, In: (Eds.) . , Boston. Pp. <missing location>

Kooistra, Wiebe H. C. F.; Verbruggen, Heroen (2005) Genetic patterns in the calcified tropical seaweeds Halimeda opuntia, H. distorta, H. hederacea, and H. minima (Bryopsidales, Chlorophyta) provide insights in species boundaries and interoceanic dispersal., Journal of Phycology 41: 177-187

Lirman, D.; Biber, P. (2000) Seasonal dynamics of macroalgal communities of the northern Florida reef tract, Botanica Marina 43: 305-314

Nugues, Maggy M.; Smith, Garriet W.; van Hooidonk, Ruben J.; Seabra, Maria I.; Bak, Rolf P. M. (2004) Algal contact as a trigger for coral disease., Ecology Letters 7: 919-923

Nugues, Maggy M.; Szmant, Alina M. (2006) Coral settlement onto Halimeda opuntia: a fatal attraction to an ephemeral substrate?, Coral Reefs 25: 585-591

Ruiz, Gregory M.; Geller, Jonathan (2018) Spatial and temporal analysis of marine invasions in California, Part II: Humboldt Bay, Marina del Re, Port Hueneme, ,and San Francisco Bay, Smithsonian Environmental Research Center & Moss Landing Laboratories, Edgewater MD, Moss Landing CA. Pp. <missing location>

Silva, Paul C.; Menez, Ernani G.; Moe, Richard L. (1987) Catalog of the benthic marine algae of the Philippines, Smithsonian Contributions to the Marine Sciences 27: 1-179

Sissini, Marina Nasri and 5 authors (2014) First record of the green alga Halimeda (Bryopsidales: Chlorophyta) at Rocas Atoll— natural dispersion or anthropogenic causes?, Marine Biodiversity Records 7: e104

2008 Botany collections database. http://collections.nmnh.si.edu/emuwebbotweb/pages/nmnh/bot/Query.php