Invasion History

First Non-native North American Tidal Record:
First Non-native West Coast Tidal Record:
First Non-native East/Gulf Coast Tidal Record:

General Invasion History:


North American Invasion History:




Taxonomic Tree

Kingdom:   Animalia
Phylum:   Annelida
Class:   Polychaeta
Subclass:   Palpata
Order:   Canalipalpata
Suborder:   Sabellida
Family:   Sabellidae
Genus:   Sabellastarte
Species:   sp.


Laonome spectabilis (None, None)
Sabella fusca (None, None)
Sabella indica (Savigny, 1822 (in part), None)
Sabella spectabilis (None, None)
Sabellastarte sanctijosephi (None, None)

Potentially Misidentified Species



Phytoplankton, detritus

Trophic Status:

Suspension Feeder



General HabitatCoral reefNone
General HabitatRockyNone
General HabitatVessel HullNone
General HabitatMarinas & DocksNone
Salinity RangeEuhaline30-40 PSU
Tidal RangeSubtidalNone
Vertical HabitatEpibenthicNone

Tolerances and Life History Parameters

Minimum Duration6Larval development in laboratoryy, 27 C, 36 ppt Bybee et a. 2006)
Maximum Duration7Larval development in laboratoryy, 27 C, 36 ppt Bybee et a. 2006)
Broad Temperature RangeNoneWarm Temperate-Tropical
Broad Salinity RangeNoneEuhaline

General Impacts

Regional Impacts

SP-XXINoneEconomic ImpactFisheries
Heavily harvested for the aquarium trade in the Hawaiian Islands 'Walsh et al. (2003) noted that between 1976 and 2003, no fewer than 741,949 specimens of this brightly-colored worm were harvested for the aquarium trade, for a value of $860,362. Bybee et al. (2006b) remark that it “has become one of the most harvested marine ornamental species” in Hawai‘i, and that “corals and other components of the reef community are often damaged by collectors.” (Carlton and Eldredge 2009)

Regional Distribution Map

Bioregion Region Name Year Invasion Status Population Status
EA-III None 0 Native Estab
EAS-III None 0 Native Estab
EAS-II None 0 Native Estab
CIO-II None 0 Native Estab
CIO-III None 0 Native Estab
SP-III None 0 Native Estab
EA-V None 0 Native Estab
AUS-II None 0 Native Estab
AUS-I None 0 Native Estab
NWP-3b None 0 Native Estab
NWP-2 None 0 Native Estab
NWP-3a None 0 Native Estab
SP-XI None 1951 Crypto Estab
SP-XIII None 1937 Crypto Estab
SP-XVI None 1957 Def Estab
SP-XXI None 1946 Def Estab
SP-XII None 1999 Def Unk

Occurrence Map

OCC_ID Author Year Date Locality Status Latitude Longitude


Bailey-Brock, Julie H. (2003) Coral reef polychaetes of Guam and Saipan, Mariana Islands, Micronesica 35-36: 200-217

Bybee. David R.; Bailey-Brock, Julie H.; Tamaru, Clyde S. (2006) Larval development of Sabellastarte spectabilis (Grube, 1878) (Polychaeta: Sabellidae) in Hawaiian waters, Scientia Marina 70(S3): 279-286

Cangussu, Leonardo Caparroz (2008) <missing title>, Universidade Federal do Paraná, Curitaba, Brazil. Pp. <missing location>

Capa, María; Bybee, David R.; Bybee, Seth M. (2010) Establishing species and species boundaries in Sabellastarte Krøyer, 1856 (Annelida: Sabellidae): an integrative approach, Organisms, Diversity and Evolution 10: 351-371

Carlton, James T.; Eldredge, Lucius (2009) Marine bioinvasions of Hawaii: The introduced and cryptogenic marine and estuarine animals and plants of the Hawaiian archipelago., Bishop Museum Bulletin in Cultural and Environmental Studies 4: 1-202

Coles, S. L. ; Kandel, F. L. M.;Reath, P. A.; Longenecker, K.; Eldredge, L. G. (2006) Rapid assessment of nonindigenous marine species on coral reefs in the main Hawaiian islands., Pacific Science 60(4): 483-507

Coles, S. L.; DeFelice, R. C.; Eldredge, L. G.; Carlton, J. T. (1999b) Historical and recent introductions of non-indigenous marine species into Pearl Harbor, Oahu, Hawaiian Islands., Marine Biology 135(1): 147-158

Coles, S. L.; Reath, P. R.; Longenecker, K.; Bolick, Holly; Eldredge, L. G. (2004) <missing title>, Hawai‘i Community Foundation and the U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Honolulu. Pp. 1-187

Eldredge, L. G.; Smith, C. M. (2001) Introduced marine species of Hawaii, Bishop Museum Technical Report 21: 1-60

Knight-Jones, Phyllis; Mackie, Andrew S. Y. (2003) A revision of Sabellastarte (Polychaeta: Sabellidae), Journal of Natural History 37(19): 2269-2301

Paulay, Gustav; Kirkendale, Lisa; Lambert, Gretchen; Meyer, Chris (2002) Anthropogenic biotic interchange in a coral reef ecosystem: a case study from Guam, Pacific Science 56(2): 403-422

2002-2021 Invertebrate Zoology Collections Database. <missing description>