Invasion History

First Non-native North American Tidal Record:
First Non-native West Coast Tidal Record:
First Non-native East/Gulf Coast Tidal Record:

General Invasion History:


North American Invasion History:




Taxonomic Tree

Kingdom:   Animalia
Phylum:   Cnidaria
Class:   Hydrozoa
Subclass:   Hydroidolina
Order:   Leptothecata
Family:   Plumulariidae
Genus:   Plumularia
Species:   setacea


Corallina setacea (Ellis, 1755)
Plumularia setacea (Hincks, 1868)
Plumularia tripartita (von Lendenfield, 1885)
Sertularia setacea (Linnaeus, 1758)

Potentially Misidentified Species





Trophic Status:


Tolerances and Life History Parameters

Broad Temperature RangeNoneCold temperate-Warm temperate
Broad Salinity RangeNonePolyhaline-Euhaline

General Impacts

Regional Distribution Map

Bioregion Region Name Year Invasion Status Population Status
NEA-III None 0 Native Estab
NEA-II None 0 Native Estab
AR-IV None 0 Native Estab
B-I None 0 Native Estab
NEA-IV None 0 Native Estab
NEA-V None 0 Native Estab
WA-I None 0 Crypto Estab
NEA-VI None 0 Crypto Estab
WA-VI None 0 Crypto Estab
MED-I None 0 Native Estab
MED-II None 0 Native Estab
MED-VII None 0 Native Estab
WA-III None 0 Crypto Estab
WA-IV None 0 Crypto Estab
CAR-I Northern Yucatan, Gulf of Mexico, Florida Straits, to Middle Eastern Florida 0 Crypto Estab
SA-II None 0 Crypto Estab
SA-III None 0 Crypto Estab
SEP-A None 0 Crypto Estab
SEP-B None 0 Crypto Estab
SEP-C None 0 Crypto Estab
SEP-Z None 0 Crypto Estab
NEP-VI Pt. Conception to Southern Baja California 0 Crypto Estab
NEP-V Northern California to Mid Channel Islands 0 Crypto Estab
NEP-IV Puget Sound to Northern California 0 Crypto Estab
NEP-III Alaskan panhandle to N. of Puget Sound 0 Crypto Estab
NEP-II Alaska south of the Aleutians to the Alaskan panhandle 0 Crypto Estab
SP-XXI None 0 Crypto Estab
EA-III None 0 Crypto Estab
RS-1 None 0 Crypto Estab
CIO-II None 0 Crypto Estab
CIO-IV None 0 Crypto Estab
EAS-I None 0 Crypto Estab
EAS-VII None 0 Crypto Estab
EAS-III None 0 Crypto Estab
NWP-3b None 0 Crypto Estab
AUS-VIII None 1885 Def Estab
AUS-X None 0 Def Estab
NZ-IV None 1896 Def Estab
NZ-VI None 0 Def Estab
WA-V None 0 Crypto Estab
EA-IV None 0 Crypto Estab
CAR-V None 0 Crypto Estab
CAR-VII Cape Hatteras to Mid-East Florida 0 Crypto Estab
SP-XVI None 0 Crypto Estab

Occurrence Map

OCC_ID Author Year Date Locality Status Latitude Longitude


Deevey, Edward S. (1950) Hydroids from Louisiana and Texas, with remarks on the Pleistocene biogeography of the western Gulf of Mexico, Ecology 31: 334-367

Hewitt, C.L.; Campbell, M.L.; Thresher, R.E.; Martin, R.B. (1999) Marine Biological Invasions of Port Phillip Bay, Victoria, In: (Eds.) . , Hobart, Tasmania. Pp. <missing location>

Kazyak (1998) Pocomoke River Basin: Environmental Assessment of Stream Conditions, Maryland Department of Natural Resources, Annapolis. Pp. <missing location>

Vervoort, W.; Vasseur, P (1979) Hydroids from French Polynesia with notes on their distribution and ecology, Zoologische Verhandelingen 159: 1-98