1st Record (established): Aquatic Park, San Francisco/CA/San Francisco Bay (1939, Rogers 1939, cited by Carlton 1979); 1939, Rogers 1949, as B. a. franciscanus). 1st record: US Submarine Narwhal, fouling, Mare Island Shipyard/CA/San Francisco Bay (1929, Carlton 1979)
Aquatic Park, San Francisco/CA/San Francisco Bay (1939, Rogers 1949, cited by Carlton 1979); 1939, Rogers 1949, as B. a. franciscanus); Oakland/CA/Lake Merritt (1941, 1952, Carlton 1979); Berkeley Aquatic Park/CA/San Francisco Bay (1952, Henry and McLaughlin 1975; Carlton 1979); Alviso/CA/pond near Alviso Slough (22°C, 52 ppt, Cohen 2005); Coyote Point/CA/San Francisco Bay (Cohen 2005); Fruitvale Bridge, Alameda/CA/Oakland Estuary (2004, Cohen et al. 2005); San Francisco Marina/CA/San Francisco Bay (2010, Marrafini et al. 2017); CA/San Francisco Bay (2014, 2015, Ruiz and Geller 2021)
References2005 Exotics Guide. San Francisco Estuary Institute, Oakland, CA, www.exoticsguide.org
Green, Stephanie J. and 7 authors (2021) Broad-scale acoustic telemetry reveals long-distance movements and large home ranges for invasive lionfish on Atlantic coral reefs, Marine Ecology Progress Series 673: 117-134
Henry, Dora P.; McLaughlin, Patsy A. (1975) The barnacles of the Balanus amphitrite complex (Cirripedia, Thoracica)., Zoologische Verhandelingen 141: 1-203
Rogers, Frank Lee (1949) Three new subspecies of Balanus amphitrite from California, Journal of Entomology and Zoology 41(2): 23-32
Ruiz, Gregory; Geller, Jonathan (2021) Spatial and temporal analysis of marine invasions: supplemental studies to evaluate detection through quantitative and molecular methodologies, Marine Invasive Species Program, California Department of Fish and Wildlife, Sacramento CA. Pp. 153 ppl.